Foot & Ankle Pain, Achilles Tendonitis, Orthopedic Surgery – Plantation, Broward County, FL

Foot & Ankle Pain, Achilles Tendonitis, Orthopedic Surgery – Plantation, Broward County, FL

Ankle, Foot and Heel Conditions
Achilles Tendonitis | Ankle Instability | Heel Spurs | Plantar Fasciitis

Foot & Ankle Pain - Plantation, FLThe most common operative ailments treated for the ankle joint and subtalar joint (the joint below the ankle) are lateral compression syndrome, ankle instability, and osteoarthritis and tendonitis. Dr. Alan Lazar is a Board-Certified Orthopedic Doctor in Plantation, Broward County, Florida who treats the full spectrum of ankle, foot, and heel conditions. Call 954-476-9494 or request an appointment online to receive the highest standard of orthopedic care in the Broward County, Plantation, Florida area.

Achilles Tendonitis
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the calf muscle to the heel bone and is used when walking, running, and jumping.

Achilles tendonitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel. It is caused by injury or disease resulting in swelling, pain, and/or irritation. The two types of tendonitis are noninsertional and insertional. With noninsertional Achilles tendonitis, fibers in the middle portion of the tendon have begun to break down with tiny tears, swell, and thicken. Insertional tendonitis involves the lower portion of the heel where the tendon attaches to the heel bone. With both types, damaged tendons may harden, and bone spurs may form.

The condition occurs in athletes and non-athletes alike and is caused by repetitive stress to the tendon. Symptoms include:
Pain and stiffnessSevere pain the day after exercisingThickening of the tendonBone spurSwelling
A sudden "pop" may indicate a ruptured Achilles tendon. Please call Dr. Lazar immediately if you think you may have ruptured or torn your tendon.

Dr. Lazar diagnoses Achilles tendonitis with a physical exam and imaging (x-rays, MRI), and he offers non-surgical and surgical treatments to help heal the condition or injury.

Learn more about Achilles Tendonitis in our Patient Education Library.

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Ankle Instability
Ankle instability is when the outer side of the ankle "gives way" time and time again. People with chronic ankle instability experience a repeated turning of the ankle; persistent discomfort and swelling; pain or tenderness; and/or the ankle feeling wobbly.

Ankle instability might develop from an ankle sprain that did not heal properly or that was not rehabilitated completely. When a person sprains an ankle, the connective tissues, or ligaments, are stretched or torn. Physical therapy is needed to strengthen the muscles around the ankle and "retrain" the tissues within the ankle that affect balance.

Repeated ankle sprains often cause chronic ankle instability. Each subsequent sprain leads to further weakening or stretching of the ligaments, resulting in greater instability and the likelihood of developing additional problems in the ankle.

In addition to physical therapy, Dr. Lazar might also recommend bracing, medication, or surgery for ankle stability treatment.

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Heel Spurs
As people age, bones grow and edges may sharpen. These little growths on the outside of the bone are sharpened edges called bone spurs, and they may cause pain by rubbing on nerves or pinching tendons.

After diagnosing heel bone spurs with a physical exam and imaging (x-rays, MRI), Dr. Lazar might recommend non-surgical treatments and arthroscopic surgery to relieve pain and to help the patient become pain free in the heel.

Learn more about heel spurs in our Patient Education Library.

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Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis causes pain on the bottom of the heel. It occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of the foot becomes irritated and inflamed. This area is called the plantar fascia and is a long, thin ligament that connects the heel to the front of the foot. Sometimes, the plantar fascia becomes damaged from too much pressure.

People suffering from plantar fasciitis feel heel pain and stiffness.

Dr. Lazar diagnoses plantar fasciitis by a physical exam and imaging (x-rays, MRI) when necessary. He offers a variety of non-surgical treatments, including cortisone injections, medication, and physical therapy.

Learn more about plantar fasciitis in our Patient Education Library.

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Ball | Define Ball at

Ball f(ajslAds)for(var i = 0; i65 ? ads[i].visible_url.substring(0, 65) : ads[i].visible_url);if(false)fragment = fragment.replace(/\ncbmwidth\/,"width:px");fragment = fragment.replace(/\ncbm1width\/,"width:px");ads[i].line1 = highlightQuery(ads[i].line1);var dbgInfo="";if(false)adt = 'afc';if(ads[i].adType != null && 'ta' == ads[i].adType)adt = 'ta';dbgInfo="[id=" + ads[i].n +",type="+adt+"]";fragment = fragment.replace(/\title\/, dbgInfo+ads[i].line1);ads[i].line2 = highlightQuery(ads[i].line2);ads[i].line3 = highlightQuery(ads[i].line3);if(longDescriptionPresent)fragment = fragment.replace(/class=\"slD\"/,"class=\"slDL\"");fragment = fragment.replace(/\abstract\/, ads[i].line2 + " " + ads[i].line3);return fragment;function render_inhouse_ad(top, ads, template,i,label) if(!label)label= false;var fragment = template;if(window['spShadedLabel'] && i==window['ad_config_top']+ads.length-1) fragment = fragment.replace(/\label\/, spShadedLabel); else if((window['spLabel'] && i==window['ad_config_top']+ads.length-1 ) var ajslAds=new Array();var spnrAds=new Array();var repeatAds="true";function debug_info_update_render_ads()if(document.getElementById('afc_ads_recieved'))var no_of_ads_debug_info = document.createTextNode(google_ads.length);document.getElementById('afc_ads_recieved').appendChild(no_of_ads_debug_info);function google_ad_request_done(google_ads) debug_info_update_render_ads();window['google_ads'] = google_ads;inhouseAds = false;if(window['google_ads'].length ]+$/))return true;return false;function isQueryinInput(firstindex, input_str, j)for(i=firstindex; i" + input_str.substring(first_pos,exactmatch) + "";input_str = input_str.substring(0,first_pos) + bold_str + input_str.substring(exactmatch);next_pos = input_str.toLowerCase().indexOf(word_arr[0],exactmatch+7);while(next_pos != -1) return highlightCombinationWords(input_str,next_pos);return input_str;unction highlightSimpleWords(input_str,token, first_pos) var end_pos = first_pos + token.length;if(!isAlpha(input_str.charAt(end_pos)) && !isAlpha(input_str.charAt(first_pos-1)))bold_str = "" + input_str.substring(first_pos,end_pos) + "";input_str = input_str.substring(0,first_pos) + bold_str + input_str.substring(end_pos);next_pos = input_str.toLowerCase().indexOf(token,end_pos+7);else next_pos = input_str.toLowerCase().indexOf(token,end_pos);while(next_pos != -1) return highlightSimpleWords(input_str,token,next_pos);return input_str;$j("#afcdeuginfo").css("display","none");ball1 /b?l/ Show Spelled [bawl] Show IPAnoun1.a spherical or approximately spherical body or shape; sphere: He rolled the piece of paper into a ball. 2.a round or roundish body, of various sizes and materials, either hollow or solid, for use in games, as baseball, football, tennis, or golf. 3.a game played with a ball, especially baseball: The boys are out playing ball. 4.Baseball. a pitched ball, not swung at by the batter, that does not pass over home plate between the batter's shoulders and knees. 5.Military.a.a solid, usually spherical projectile for a cannon, rifle, pistol, etc., as distinguished from a shell. b.projectiles, especially bullets, collectively. 6.any part of a thing, especially of the human body, that is rounded or protuberant: the ball of the thumb. 7.a round mass of food, as of chopped meat, dough, or candy. 8.Slang: Vulgar. a testis. 9.balls, Slang: Vulgar.a.boldness; courage; brashness. b.nonsense (often used as an interjection). 10.bolus ( def 1 ). 11.Horticulture. a compact mass of soil covering the roots of an uprooted tree or other plant. 12.Literary. a planetary or celestial body, especially the earth. 13.Mathematics. (in a metric space) the set of points whose distance from the zero element is less than, or less than or equal to, a specified number. Relevant QuestionsWhat Is A Ball?How Do You Make A Rubberband Ball?How To Create A Crystal BallHow To Make Snow BallsHow To Separate Stamp BallsHow Do You Make Rice Balls?What Is A Ball?How To Separate Stamp BallsHow To Create A Crystal BallHow Do You Make A Rubberband Ball? verb (used with object) make into a ball (sometimes followed by up ): The children were balling up snow to make a snowman. wind into balls: to ball cotton. 16.Slang: Vulgar. to have sexual intercourse with.verb (used without object) form or gather into a ball: When the spun sugar balls, the candy has cooked sufficiently. 18.Slang: Vulgar. to have sexual intercourse.Verb phrases 19.ball up, Slang. to make or become utterly confused; muddle: The records had been all balled up by inefficient file clerks. Idioms 20.ball the jack, act with speed. stake everything on one attempt. 21.carry the ball, to assume the responsibility; bear the burden: You can always count on him to carry the ball in an emergency. 22.drop the ball, to make a mistake or miss an opportunity at a critical moment. 23.keep the ball rolling, to continue or give renewed vigor to an activity already under way: When their interest lagged, he tried to keep the ball rolling. 24.on the ball, a.alert and efficient or effective: If you don't get on the ball, you'll be fired. b.indicating intelligence or ability: The tests show your students don't have much on the ball. The new manager has a lot on the ball. ball, begin or continue playing a game. start or continue any action. work together; cooperate: union leaders suspected of playing ball with racketeers. with the ball, to assume responsibility or work enthusiastically: If management approves the concept, we'll run with the ball. 27.start the ball rolling, to put into operation; begin: The recreation director started the ball rolling by having all the participants introduce themselves. Origin:
1175-1225; Middle English bal, balle Old French Germanic *ballaz; compare Old Norse b?llr, Old High German bal, ballo, balla, German Ball, Dutch bal; perhaps akin to Latin follis leather bag; see ballock(s)
Related formsballer, noun
Can be confused:bald, balled, Unabridgedball2 /b?l/ Show Spelled [bawl] Show IPAnoun1.a large, usually lavish, formal party featuring social dancing and sometimes given for a particular purpose, as to introduce debutantes or benefit a charitable organization. 2.Informal. a thoroughly good time: Have a ball on your vacation!Origin:
1625-35; French bal, noun derivative of baler (now baller) to dance Late Latin ball?re Greek (Magna Graecia) ball?zein to dance
Ball /b?l/ Show Spelled [bawl] Show IPAnoun1.George W(ildman) /'wa?ldm?n/ Show Spelled [wahyld-muhn] Show IPA , 1909-1994, U.S. lawyer, investment banker, and government official. 2.John, died 1381, English priest: one of the leaders of Wat Tyler's peasants' revolt in 1381. 3.Lucille, 1911-89, U.S. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, (C) Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source|Link To ballCollinsWorld English Dictionaryball1 (b?:l) --n 1. a spherical or nearly spherical body or mass: a ball of wool 2. a round or roundish body, either solid or hollow, of a size and composition suitable for any of various games: football, golf, billiards, etc3. a ball propelled in a particular way in a sport: a high ball 4. any of various rudimentary games with a ball: to play ball 5. cricket a single delivery of the ball by the bowler to the batsman6. baseball a single delivery of the ball by a pitcher outside certain limits and not swung at by the batter7. a. Compare shell a solid nonexplosive projectile for a firearm b. such projectiles collectively8. any more or less rounded part or protuberance: the ball of the foot 9. slang See balls a testicle10. vet science another word for bolus 11. horticulture the hard mass of roots and earth removed with the rest of the plant during transplanting12. (Austral) ball of muscle a very strong, fit, or forceful person13. have the ball at one's feet to have the chance of doing something14. keep the ball rolling to maintain the progress of a project, plan, etc15. informal on the ball alert; informed16. informal play ball to cooperate17. set the ball rolling, start the ball rolling to open or initiate (an action, discussion, movement, etc)18. the ball is in your court you are obliged to make the next move --vb 19. (tr) to make, form, wind, etc, into a ball or balls: to ball wool 20. (intr) to gather into a ball or balls21. taboo, slang chiefly (US) to copulate (with) usage Sense 9 of this word was formerly considered to be taboo, and it was labelled as such in previous editions of Collins English Dictionary. However, it has now become acceptable in speech, although some older or more conservative people may object to its use
ball2 (b?:l) --n 1. a social function for dancing, esp one that is lavish or formal2. informal a very enjoyable time (esp in the phrase have a ball) [C17: from French bal (n), from Old French baller (vb), from Late Latin ball?re to dance, from Greek ballizein]
Ball (b?:l) --n John. died 1381, English priest: executed as one of the leaders of the Peasants' Revolt (1381)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 (C) William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 (C) HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This SourceEtymonlineWord Origin & History
"round object," O.E., from O.N. bollr "ball," from P.Gmc. *balluz (cf. O.H.G. ballo, Ger. Ball), from PIE base *bhel- (2) "to swell" (see bole). The verb meaning "copulate" is first recorded 1940s in jazz slang. To be on the ball is 1912, from sports. Ball-point pen first recorded 1947. Ball of fire when first recorded in 1821 referred to "a glass of brandy;" as "spectacularly successful striver" it is c.1900. Ball and chain as a prisoner's restraint is recorded from 1835; as "one's wife," early 1920s.
"dancing party," 1630s, from Fr., from O.Fr. baller "to dance," from L.L. ballare "to dance," from Gk. ballizein "to dance, jump about" (see ballistics). Hence, "very enjoyable time," 1945, Amer.Eng. slang, perhaps back to 1930s in black slang.Online Etymology Dictionary, (C) 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This SourceAmerican HeritageMedical Dictionary
ball (b?l)

A spherical object or mass.

A bezoar.

A large pill or bolus.
The American Heritage(R) Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright (C) 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This SourceSlang Dictionary

ball definition
a wild time at a party; a good time. :We really had a ball. See ya!n.
a testicle. (Usually plural. Usually objectionable. See also balls.) :The teacher preferred "testicles" to "balls," if they had to be mentioned at
to enjoy oneself. (Ambiguous with the next sense.) :The whole crowd was balling and having a fine
to depart; to leave. :It's late. Let's & in.
to copulate [with] someone. (Usually objectionable.) :Isn't there anything more to you than balling?in.
to play a ball game. (Probably a deliberate pun on sense 5.) :Bob's out balling with the guys.Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
Cite This SourceAmerican HeritageIdioms & Phrases

In addition to the idioms beginning with ball, also see behind the eight ball; break one's balls; by the balls; carry the ball; crystal ball; drop the ball; eyeball to eyeball; get the ball rolling; have a ball; have one's eye on the ball; have someone by the balls; on the ball; play ball; put in mothballs; snowball's chance in hell; that's how the ball bounces; whole ball of wax.
The American Heritage(R) Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright (C) 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This SourceExample sentences People have reported seeing ball lightning-a rare phenomenon that resembles a glowing sphere of electricity-for hundreds of years.Here, sharks and dolphins herd schooling prey into a whirling sphere near the surface called a bait ball.The host of the party will be tossing the first ball.The ball of my foot has been sore and inflamed for probably two months now.Follow the bouncing ball of unintended economic consequences.Whoever reaches the end point with the ball first gets the winnings, usually goods put in a pile before the race begins.Ball spin contributes about one half of a golf ball's lift.Tap sharply on the bottom and sides to loosen the root ball.And a new ball would be used whenever the one in play showed any sign of wear.When a pitcher throws a knuckleball, the ball has no rotation and appears to flutter.Use faster without ads >>Related Wordsobject ballholekickball gamebowlbullycarom balldriveexercise ballfootballshootvolleyMORESlangAfrican golf ballair ballB-ballball so/sth upball of fireball offball upball-breakerball-busterball-bustingballed upbehind the eight ballIdioms & Phrasesballbehind the eight ballbreak one's ballsby the ballscarry the ballMOREImages for ballImage for ballMatching Quote"What is the boy now, who has lost his ball,
What, what is he to do?"-John Berryman MORE Related SearchesSoccer ballBeach ballBouncy ballTennis ballBouncing ballSports ballBall canningBall gamesNearby Wordsbalkan statesbalkan warbalkan-framebalkanisationbalkanisebalkanismbalkanitebalkanizationbalkanizebalkansbalkarbalkhbalkhashbalkilybalkinessbalkisbalkishbalklinebalkline billiardsbalkyballball (so/sth) upball ammunitionball and chainball and claw feetball and claw football and ringball and socket jointball bearingball boyball breakerball busterball bustingball cactusball capball carrierball cartridgeball chainball clayball clubball cockSynonymspromenadereceptionshindigminglerounddropjumpMORERelated QuestionsHow much does a golf ball weigh?How to play 9 ball?Copyright (C) 2014, LLC. All rights reserved.AboutPRIVACY POLICYTermsCareersAdvertise with UsContact UsOur BlogSuggest a WordHelp Please Login or Sign Up to use the Favorites featurePlease Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches featureFAVORITESRECENTQuantcast






Hallux Valgus - Causes, diagnosis and treatment

Hallux Valgus - Causes, diagnosis and treatment

Hallux Valgus is the development of a bony bump which is swollen and enlarged, on the joint at the base of the big toe due to excess pressure.

Over time this bump gets bigger causing the big toe to turn in toward the second toe.

Hallux Valgus - Causes, diagnosis and treatmentCauses of hallux valgus Use of uncomfortable footwear that shifts weight to the toesExcess use of high heelsAbnormal foot motionOther factors that can cause hallux valgus include:Loose? ligaments? in the footHistory of? injury to the footHammer toe? or removal of the second toeAbnormal development of the foot/ Flat footArthritis/gout
Risk factors, which may increase probability of developing Hallux Valgus, are as follows:
Women are more prone to hallux valgusPeople with abnormal walking style/ rolling inward of the footPeople with family history of hallux valgusRegular running
Symptoms of hallux valgus
Hallux valgus is painful and symptoms like swelling or enlargement of the big toe joint, displacement of the big toe toward the other toes, joint redness, stiffness & pain and irritation of toe skin are noticed. Pain associated with hallux valgus is constant.

Diagnosis of hallux valgus
Diagnosis of hallux valgus involves discussion about the shoe type used regularly, medical and family history, physical examination and tests. During physical examination, your doctor will observe the toe joint motion. He will also examine the reflexes, pulse and sensation of the toes.

Tests like x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT scan), or bone scan are used to diagnose the condition. These tests are done to find out the degree of deformity of bone and also help in confirming the presence or absence of hallux valgus.

Treatment of hallux valgus
Treatment of hallux valgus aims to counter the joint pain, other symptoms and also to prevent its worsening. Treatment options involve home remedies, medications, non-surgical treatments and surgery.

Non-surgical treatment aims at decreasing pressure on the big toe and these include:
Bunion pads, arch supports, or custom-made support? to redistribute weight.Felt patches over or around the pressure areas are advised to protect the affected joint from rubbing.
For medication therapy, pain relieving drugs such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or aspirin can be used.

Surgery is recommended in patients with severe condition to restore normal alignment of the toe and to relieve pain. Surgeries that can be performed to better the condition are: bunionectomy, distal osteotomy and proximal osteotomy.

Home remedies for hallux valgus
Home remedies help relieve the symptoms of hallux valgus and it may also help prevent the condition from worsening. Home remedies include:
Use of ice to reduce swelling and to relieve painAvoiding exercises that put pressure on your toesChoosing wide shoes with flat heel, deep toe boxes and good arch support
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Leg Pain Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms - eMedicineHealth

Leg Pain Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms - eMedicineHealth
Font SizeAAA123...Next>>(Page 1 of 15)Glossary
Leg PainView the Nerve Pain SlideshowNerve Pain Slideshow PicturesSurprising Reasons You're in Pain Slideshow PicturesBack Pain Slideshow PicturesMedical Author:Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEMBenjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Dr. Ben Wedro practices emergency medicine at Gundersen Clinic, a regional trauma center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. His background includes undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Alberta, a Family Practice internship at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and residency training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
View Full ProfileMedical Editor:Melissa Conrad St?ppler, MD, Chief Medical EditorMelissa Conrad St?ppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor
Melissa Conrad St?ppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor
Melissa Conrad St?ppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. St?ppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
View Full ProfileLeg Pain OverviewLeg Pain CausesCauses of Nontraumatic Leg PainOther Causes of Nontraumatic Leg PainLeg Pain SymptomsWhen to Seek Medical CareLeg Pain DiagnosisLeg Pain TreatmentSelf-Care at HomeMedical Treatment for Leg PainFollow-upLeg Pain PreventionLeg Pain PrognosisSynonyms and KeywordsAuthor and EditorPictures of Nerve Pain - SlideshowPictures of Surprising Reasons You're in Pain - SlideshowPictures of Back Pain - SlideshowViewer Comments: Leg Pain - CausesViewer Comments: Leg Pain - TreatmentViewer Comments: Leg Pain - Experience

Leg Pain OverviewPatient CommentsRead 3 CommentsShare Your Story
While leg pain is a common occurrence after an injury, pain can also occur because of medical conditions or nontraumatic reasons. Pain in the legs may be due to injury or inflammation of any of the structures that are found in the leg, including bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, nerves, and skin. Inflammation of tissues is usually the cause of pain. Pain can also radiate from other parts of the body and be felt in the leg. Back ailments can cause pain and numbness of the leg. Abdominal aorta and iliac artery aneurysms can also present with leg pain. Blood clots in the large veins located in the abdomen are a further cause of leg symptoms.

Anatomy of the Leg

The structure of the leg begins with the skeleton. The large bones of the leg are the femur (thighbone) and the tibia and fibula of the shin. Smaller bones are found in the feet and toes. The patella (kneecap) is located in front of the knee joint where the femur and tibia meet. Major joints include the hip, knee, and ankle, but the small joints in the feet and toes also are important since they help support the body and cushion the force that is generated bywalking and running.

The joints are stabilized by thick bands of tissue called ligaments. The ends of a bone that make up part of a joint are covered with cartilage to help them glide through their range of motion and decrease the friction of bone rubbing on bone.

Muscles attach to bone and have tendons that stretch across a joint. When amuscle contracts, the joint moves. Major muscle groups that affect leg movementinclude the buttocks, the quadriceps(in the front of the thigh), the hamstrings(in the back of the thigh), and the gastrocnemius (in the back of the calf). There areother smaller muscles, including those in the foot, that help stabilize themultiple joints in the feet.

There are two sets of blood vessels in the leg. The arterial system delivers blood, rich with oxygen, from the heart. The aorta leaves the heart and descends into the abdomen, divides into the iliac arteries and further splits into the femoral arteries at the level of the groin. The femoral artery runs along the back of the femur, and at the back of the knee (the popliteal fossa) it begins branching into smaller and smaller arteries to supply the lower leg, feet, and toes with blood.

The venous system drains blood from the leg and returns it to the heart, allowing tissue like muscle to get rid of carbon dioxide and other waste products of metabolism. There are two sets of veins in the leg, the superficial and deep venous systems. The superficial system runs along the skin while the deep system is located deep within the muscles and along the bones. Blood drains from the superficial system to the deep system through connecting veins called perforators that prevent blood clots that occur on the surface from entering the deep vein system. The superficial and deep systems come together in the groin to form the femoral vein.

Nerves from the spinal cord supplyinformation to theleg, transmitting signals from the brain that allow purposeful movement. They also return information or sensationsto the brain. These include the sensations of pain, light touch, pressure,temperature, and position. As well, nerve impulses can flow from the legs to the spinal cord and back without going up into the brain. These nerve loops allow the health care professional to test deep tendon reflexes (when the knee or ankle are tapped with a hammer) to assess spinal cord function.

Illness and injury can affect any of these structures, causing inflammation, discomfort, and pain. More than one mechanism as a cause of the leg pain may occur at the same time. Some examples include the following:
People with poorly controlled diabetes may develop diabetic neuropathy, in which the nerves to the legs and feet malfunction. Symptoms may include pain and loss of sensation in the feet as well as a pins-and-needles or tingling sensation. Diabetes is also one of the risk factors for peripheral vascular disease, which may cause narrowing of arteries in the legs, decreasing blood flow to muscles. Lack of blood supply may cause exercise-induced pain or claudication, in which muscles start to ache with activity because not enough oxygen rich blood can be delivered. Intermittent claudication is the term used to refer to pain in the legs that occurs while walking due to peripheral artery disease (peripheral vascular disease). This pain usually gets better with rest. As arteries narrow over time, decreased activity can bring on increased pain.An injured muscle will cause pain because ofinflammation and swelling, but it may also affect the balance of musclessurrounding a joint. If this imbalance persists, the joint may start to hurtbecause of chronic stress placed uponit.People with back problems due to arthritis ora ruptured disc may develop sciatica, or pain from the sciatic nerve that radiates down the leg. Sciatica may also be associated with numbness and/or tingling in the leg.Next Page:Leg Pain Causes>>123...Next>>(Page 1 of 15)GlossaryLeg Pain Topic Guide
Must Read Articles Related to Leg PainDeep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT)Blood Clot in the LegsDeep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. C...learn more >>Peripheral Vascular DiseasePeripheral Vascular DiseaseThe circulatory system consists of 2 types of blood vessels: arteries and veins. These are tubular structures that carry the blood throughout the body.learn more >>See the Entire Leg Pain Topic Guide >>
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Leg Pain - Causes
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Leg Pain - Treatment
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Leg Pain - Experience
Please describe your experience with leg pain.
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Foot Pain: Arch, Ball, Heel, and Toe Pain Causes and Treatments

Foot Pain: Arch, Ball, Heel, and Toe Pain Causes and Treatments
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Foot Pain

Foot pain is a common complaint, and it can have many causes. Read on to learn more about different types of foot pain, diagnosis, and treatments.

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Causes of Foot Pain
Pain in the foot can be due to a problem in any part of the foot. Bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, fascia, toenail beds, nerves, blood vessels, or skin can be the source of foot pain.

The cause of foot pain can be narrowed down by location and by considering some of the most common causes of foot pain.

Heel Pain
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. The plantar fascia, a band of tough tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes, becomes irritated or inflamed. Heel pain, worst in the morning when getting out of bed, is the most common symptom. Arch pain may also be present.

Treatment for plantar fasciitis includes:
RestCalf and foot muscle stretchesOver-the-counter pain relieversShoes with good arch support and a cushioned sole
Various other treatments for plantar fasciitis are available.

Heel spurs are abnormal growths of bone on the bottom of the heel bone that may be caused by an abnormal gait, posture or walking, inappropriate shoes, or certain activities. Spurs may cause foot pain while walking or standing. Although one in 10 people has heel spurs, only one in 20 of these people will have foot pain. Heel spurs can occur in people with plantar fasciitis, but they do not cause plantar fasciitis. People with flat feet or high arches are more likely to have foot pain from heel spurs.

Treatment for heel spurs include:
Cutout heel padCustom-made insert (orthotic) worn in the shoeOver-the-counter pain relieversRestSurgery (rarely)Physical therapy
A stone bruise is a bruise of the fat pad of the heel. It can occur after stepping on a rock or other hard object.

A fracture of the heel bone (calcaneus) is the most commonly fractured foot bone. It is most often caused by high impact to the heel -- for example, when person has fallen from a height or been in a car accident. Injuries can range from a bone crack from a new vigorous exercise plan to a shattered bone from a high fall. Heel pain, bruising, swelling, limping, or difficulty walking are the main symptoms.

Calcaneus fracture treatment includes:
Rest from weight bearing, often with crutchesThorough padding of the heelSplinting or casting to protect the heel bonePain relieversSurgeryPhysical therapy

Ball of Foot Pain
Metatarsalgia is pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. Strenuous activity or ill-fitting shoes are the usual causes. Treatment for metatarsalgia includes:
Pain relieversChange to more comfortable footwearInserts for the shoes to relieve pressure on the ball of the foot






Pictures of Worst Shoes: Foot Pain, High Heels, Flip Flops, and More

Pictures of Worst Shoes: Foot Pain, High Heels, Flip Flops, and More
1) Frazier Harrison/Getty
2) Steve Pomberg/WebMD, Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD
3) Steve Pomberg/WebMD, Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD
4) Steve Pomberg/WebMD, Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD
5) Steve Pomberg/WebMD, Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD
6) Christophe Simon/Getty
7) Damien Meyer/Getty
8) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
9) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
10) Rebecca Saikia-Wilson/Flickr
11) Steve Pomberg/WebMD, Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD
12) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
13) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
14) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
15) Frederick M. Brown/Getty
16) Peggy Firth Studios for WebMD, Frazer Harrison/Getty
17) Michael Tran, Victor Decolongon, Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty
18) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
19) Kevork Djansezian/Getty
20) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
21) Paul Viant/Photographer's Choice
22) David Selman/Corbis
23) Still Images/Photographer's Choice
24) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
25) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
26) Steve Pomberg/WebMD
Hillary Brenner, DPM, spokeswoman, American Podiatric Medical Association
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Heel Pain."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "General Foot Health."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Foot and Ankle Injuries."
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Sprained Ankle."
Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Arthritis Special Report: Easing Foot, Ankle, and Knee Pain with Orthotics."
Washington State Podiatric Medical Association: "Podiatrists Keep America Walking."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Orthotics."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Important Do's and Don'ts to Avoid a Summer 'Flip-Flop Fiasco.' " "Flat Feet and Knee Pain."
St. John Providence Health System: "Are Fee at Fault for Back, Hip, and Knee Woes?"
American Council on Exercise: "Will Toning Shoes Really Give You a Better Body?"
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Secrets to Avoiding a Sandal Scandal."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Bunions."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Hammertoes."
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: "In Women's Shoes, Pain Does Not Equal Gain."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Boot Buying 101 - APMA Offers Winter Shoe Buying Tips." "Heel-Less Shoes: A Brief History."
Vogue UK: "All Creatures Great And Small."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Footwear."
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Tight Shoes and Foot Problems."
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Don't Rely on Stated Shoe Size."
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: "Osteoarthritis of the Foot and Ankle."






AKS: Summary for AK Steel Holding Corporation Co- Yahoo! Finance

AKS: Summary for AK Steel Holding Corporation Co- Yahoo! Finance

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Ankle symptoms -

Ankle symptoms -

Ankle symptoms IntroTypesCausesTestsTreatmentSymptom CheckerChecklistMisdiagnosisDeaths Ankle symptoms:Ankle symptoms: IntroductionCauses (108conditions)Symptom CheckerTypes Assessment QuestionnaireMisdiagnosisDeathsTreatmentsVideosChoose DoctorComorbid SymptomsClassificationsNews (3listings)Stories from Users
Ankle symptoms: Introduction
Further information about Ankle symptoms is below, or review more specificinformation about these types of Ankle symptoms: ankle swelling, ankle pain, ankle numbness, ankle weakness, Ankle stiffness, Ankle tingling/paresthesias, Ankle rash, Ankle itchor other types.

Ankle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the ankle.See detailed information below for a list of 108causes of Ankle symptoms, Symptom Checker, Assessment Questionnaire, including diseases and drug side effect causes.

>> Review Causes of Ankle symptoms:Causes | Symptom Checker >> | Assessment Questionnaire >>

Causes of Types of Ankle symptoms:
Review the causes of these more specific types of Ankle symptoms:
Ankle swelling (107 causes)Ankle pain (56 causes)Ankle numbness (14 causes)Ankle weakness (20 causes)Ankle stiffness (17 causes)Ankle numbness (14 causes)Ankle tingling/paresthesias (11 causes)Ankle weakness (20 causes)Ankle rash (17 causes)Ankle itch (12 causes)Ankle coldness (8 causes)Ankle bruise (8 causes)Ankle spasm (15 causes)Ankle paralysis (16 causes)Ankle burning sensations (12 causes)Ankle lump (8 causes)Ankle blueness (10 causes)Ankle paresthesia (tingling) (11 causes)more types...>>
See full list of 86types for Ankle symptoms

Ankle symptoms: Symptom Checker
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Ankle symptoms, as listed in our database.Visit the Symptom Checker,to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker Ankle symptoms: Symptom Checker
Symptom Checker Ankle symptoms and Foot symptoms (102 causes)Ankle symptoms and Leg symptoms (102 causes)Ankle symptoms and Limb symptoms (102 causes)Ankle symptoms and Joint symptoms (94 causes)Ankle symptoms and Nerve symptoms (81 causes)Ankle symptoms and Swelling symptoms (78 causes)Ankle symptoms and Ankle swelling (72 causes)Ankle symptoms and Sensory symptoms (71 causes)Ankle symptoms and Leg swelling (71 causes)Ankle symptoms and Pain (65 causes)Ankle symptoms and Sensations (63 causes)Ankle symptoms and Movement symptoms (60 causes)Ankle symptoms and Body symptoms (56 causes)Ankle symptoms and Muscle weakness (55 causes)Ankle symptoms and Musculoskeletal symptoms (54 causes)more...>>
See full list of 501Symptom Checkers for Ankle symptoms

Ankle symptoms Treatments
Review further information on Ankle symptoms Treatments.

Stories from Users for Ankle symptoms
Real-life user stories relating to Ankle symptoms:
10 doctors and still no diagnosis - or why do socks hurt my ankles?Ankle problemmy ankle hurtsmuslce around my ankle hurts bad.Ankle problems... Any ideas?
Message Boards for Ankle symptoms
Symptom specific forums: The following patient stories in our interactive forums and message boardsrelate to Ankle symptoms or relevant symptoms:
Musculoskeletal (Muscles, joints and bones) (854)Joint and muscular pain after taking chantix Arm pain after sneezing Fifth Disease in Adults...anyone had it? Fibromyalgia Diastasis recti in adult male More user storiesNeurological (Nerves) (771)Strange Deja Vu, followed by nausea, dizziness and confusion Numbness and tingling all over Could this be MS? Tingling/numbness in arms/hands/legs/face/head [more symptoms] Eye twitch More user storiesIntegumentary (Skin) (594)Itchy red bumps all over body?Hives? Painful skin and no answers!!! Sensitive Skin to Touch Pinprick red dots, itchy skin, wrongly diagnosed Itchy, Tiny Bumps All Over More user storiesHematologic/Lymphatic (Blood and Lymph) (214)High platelet count Extreme neck pain, swollen lymph node -help Swollen lymph nodes in groin Swollen Lymph Node for 2 1/2 months Nipple Discharge More user storiesCardiovascular (Heart and Blood Circulation) (426)Chest pain and shortness of breath I can hear my pulse in my head Palpitations, inner left arm pain Purple-blue skin color Hand numbness More user storiesAllergic/Immunologic (213)Chronic hives Non-stop itching, no rash Spontaneous flushing and redness of face and body. Swelling & itching Problems with my scalp can anyone help me More user stories
Ankle symptoms: Animations Ankle Fracture - PediatricProximal Tibia
More Ankle symptoms animations & videos

Ankle symptoms: Comorbid Symptoms
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptomsfor Ankle symptoms may include these symptoms:
Foot symptomsLeg symptomsLimb symptomsJoint symptomsNerve symptomsSwelling symptomsAnkle swellingSensory symptomsLeg swellingPainmore associated symptoms...>>
See all associated comorbid symptoms for Ankle symptoms

Causes of General Symptom Types
Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:
Lower leg symptoms (59 causes)Leg symptoms (2751 causes)Limb symptoms (3592 causes)Foot symptoms (2265 causes)Joint symptoms (1430 causes)Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes)Skeletal symptoms (4109 causes)Arm symptoms (1619 causes)more symptoms...>>
Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as:
AnkleAnkle diseaseAnkle disorderAnkle pain (56 causes)more symptoms...>>
Causes of Similar Symptoms to Ankle symptoms
Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Ankle symptoms:
Ankle pain (56 causes)Tingling ankle (11 causes)Edema (208 causes)Swelling (3730 causes)Ankle symptoms (108 causes)Poor circulation (1579 causes)Ankle sprain (3 causes)Pedal edemaBone fractureAnkle tingling/burning sensationNerve entrapmentmore symptoms...>>
Assessment Questionnaire: Questions your doctor may ask (and why!)
During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess thesymptom: Ankle symptoms. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostictests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may notbe performed depending on the suspected condition)Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It isimportant to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make anaccurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your allmedical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of anyspecialist you see.

Create your printable checklist here.

See Ankle symptoms Assessment Questionnaire (4listings)

Ankle symptoms: Deaths
Read more about causes and Ankle symptoms deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Ankle symptoms
Leg cramps at night a classic sign: The symptom of having leg muscle cramps,particularly at night, is a classic sign of undiagnosed diabetes.However, there are also various other causes.See causes of leg cramps or misdiagnosis of more >>

Read more about Misdiagnosis and Ankle symptoms

Ankle symptoms: Research Related Doctors & SpecialistsArthritis & Joint Health Specialists (Rheumatology):Rheumatology (Joint Health)Pediatric Rheumatology (Child Joint Health)more specialists...>>
Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:
Rate Your Doctor by Taking a Survey OnlineResearch Your DoctorView Online Patient Surveys from Other Patients of Your DoctorResearch local doctors and specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.
Organs affected by Ankle symptoms:
The list of organs typically affected by Ankle symptoms may include, but is not limited to:
Detailed list of causes of Ankle symptoms
The list below shows some of the causes of Ankle symptoms mentioned in various sources:
Acromesomelic dysplasia Hunter Thompson type - ankle anomaliesAcroosteolysis neurogenic - ankle anomaliesAcropectorovertebral dysplasia - ankle bone fusionAcute rheumatic fever - ankle symptomsAllain Babin Demarquez syndrome - ankle bone fusionAlport Syndrome - ankle swellingAnkle fracture - ankle numbnessmore causes...>>
See full list of 108causes of Ankle symptoms

How Common are these Causes of Ankle symptoms?
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases,not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Ankle symptoms.Of the 108causes of Ankle symptoms thatwe have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
2causes are "very common" diseases7causes are "common" diseases5causes are "uncommon" diseases0causes are "rare" diseases6causes are "very rare" diseases100causes have no prevalence information.
See the analysis of the prevalence of 108causes of Ankle symptoms

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Ankle symptoms:
The following list of conditionshave 'Ankle symptoms' or similarlisted as a symptom in our database.This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete.Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the causeof any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions whichinclude a symptom of Ankle symptoms or choose View All.
View AllA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T V W Y
AAcromesomelic dysplasia Hunter Thompson type... ankle anomaliesAcroosteolysis neurogenic... ankle anomaliesAcropectorovertebral dysplasia... ankle bone fusionAcute rheumatic fever... ankle symptomsAllain Babin Demarquez syndrome... ankle bone fusionAlport Syndrome... ankle swellingAnkle fracture... ankle numbness, ankle pain, weak ankle, bruised ankle, ankle swelling, tingling ankle, trouble moving footAnkle sprain... reduced ankle mobility, ankle pain on bearing weight, ankle immobility, ankle pain, ankle swelling, ankle bruising, ankle pain on standing upAntley-Bixler Syndrome... decreased range of motion at anklesAntley-Bixler-like syndrome -- ambiguous genitalia -- disordered steroidogenesis... decreased range of motion at anklesArthrogryposis-like disorder... ankle joint contracturesAustrian syndrome... swollen ankles
BBernheim's syndrome... swollen anklesBethlem myopathy... ankle contractionsBrain -- bone -- fat... ankle pain, ankle swelling
CCardiomyopathy... swollen anklesCardiomyopathy -- hypogonadism -- metabolic anomalies... swollen anklesCardiomyopathy -- spherocytosis... swollen anklesCardiomyopathy due to anthracyclines... swollen anklesCardiomyopathy, Alcoholic... ankle swellingCardiomyopathy, familial dilated... swollen anklesCarnevale-Canun-Mendoza syndrome... ankle pain, ankle swellingCarpotarsal osteochondromatosis... ankle swellingChromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p... ankle clonusChronic constrictive pericarditis... swollen anklesChronic Hepatitis C... Ankle swellingChronic interstitial nephritis... swollen anklesCirrhosis of the liver... Ankle swellingCommon peroneal nerve dysfunction... weak anklesCommon Variable Immunodeficiency... swollen ankleCor pulmonale... ankle swelling
DDana syndrome... swollen ankles
EEclampsia... swollen anklesEdema... swollen anklesEpiphyseal dysplasia, multiple, 2... ankle pain, ankle stiffnessErythema nodosum... ankle pain, swollen ankle
FFairbank disease... ankle painFamilial dilated cardiomyopathy... swollen anklesFamilial pulmonary arterial hypertension... swollen anklesFamilial renal cell carcinoma... swollen anklesFlat feet... ankle weakness
GGlomerular Disease... swollen anklesGlomerulonephritis... swollen anklesGlomerulosclerosis... swollen anklesGout... ankle pain, ankle swelling
HHeart failure... swollen anklesHoon-Hall syndrome... ankle bone fusion
IIdiopathic alveolar hypoventilation syndrome... swollen anklesIdiopathic pulmonary hypertension... swollen ankles
JJadassohn-Lewandowsky syndrome... ankle blistersJoint injury -- ankle... ankle redness, ankle numbness, ankle pain, ankle tenderness, ankle swelling, ankle weakness, ankle discoloration
KKidney Cancer... swollen anklesKidney disease-Induced Hypertension... swollen ankles
LLeft ventricle-aorta tunnel... swollen anklesLimb transversal defect -- cardiac anomaly... ankle bone fusionLupus... ankle swellingLupus nephritis... swollen ankles
MMaternally inherited diabetes and deafness with cardiomyopathy... swollen anklesMegalocytic interstitial nephritis... swollen anklesMeige's lymphedema... ankle edemaMyopathy with lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia... ankle swelling
NNephrotic syndrome... swollen anklesNeurodermatitis... ankle rashNonne-Milroy disease... ankle edema
OOsteoarthritis... ankle joint pain, Ankle symptoms, ankle stiffness
PPOEMS... Ankle swellingPOEMS syndrome... ankle swellingPosterior tibial tendon rupture... ankle swellingPrimary pulmonary hypertension... swollen anklesPrimary pulmonary hypertension -- Dexfenfluramine-associated... swollen anklesPrimary pulmonary hypertension -- Fenfluramine-associated... swollen anklesPulmonary branches stenosis... swollen anklesPulmonary edema... swollen anklesPulmonary hypertension... swollen anklesPulmonary hypoxic hypertension... swollen anklesPulmonary thromboembolic hypertension... swollen ankles
RReiters syndrome... ankle arthritisRenal cancer, familial... swollen anklesRenal Cell Carcinoma 2... swollen anklesRenal Cell Carcinoma 3... swollen anklesRenal Cell Carcinoma 4... swollen anklesRenal cell carcinoma, papillary, familial... swollen anklesRenal cell carcinoma, papillary, hereditary... swollen anklesRenal cell carcinoma, papillary, sporadic... swollen anklesRheumatic fever... ankle symptomsRheumatoid arthritis... ankle arthritisRight heart failure... swollen anklesRiley Shwachman syndrome... ankle clonusRuptured achilles tendon... ankle tenderness, ankle bruising
SSecondary pulmonary hypertension... ankle swelling, swollen anklesSevere fluid retention... swollen anklesSevere water retention... swollen anklesSickle Cell Anemia... ankle ulcersSingh-Williams-McAlister, syndrome... ankle pain, ankle swellingSjogren-Larsson syndrome... ankle clonusSpastic paraplegia 19, autosomal dominant... ankle clonusSpastic paraplegia 33, autosomal dominant... ankle clonusSprain... ankle pain on bearing weight, ankle pain, ankle swelling, ankle pain on standing upSubpulmonary stenosis... swollen ankles
TTalo-patello-scaphoid osteolysis, synovitis, and short fourth metacarpals... ankle pain, ankle swellingTarsal Fusion... ankle pain, ankle stiffnessTarsal Synostosis... ankle pain, ankle stiffness
VVaricose veins... itchy skin on legs or ankles, swollen anklesVerloes-David Syndrome... Ankle anomalies
WWright dick syndrome... ankle anomaliesWright Dyck syndrome... Ankle deformities
YYellow nail syndrome... ankle swelling
Conditions listing medical complications: Ankle symptoms:
The following list of medical conditions have Ankle symptoms or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear,and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant.This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete.Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the causeof any symptom.

YYersiniosis... ankle pain
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Ask or answer a question about symptoms or diseases at one of ourfree interactive user forums.
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Causes of Ankle symptoms Based on Risk Factors
This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Ankle symptoms basedon whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?
Doctors and specialists: Who should I consult about Ankle symptoms?
Depending on the seriousness of the onset of Ankle symptoms, you may want to consult one of the following medical professionals.

Important:In extreme cases, always seek advice from emergency services :
General practitionerEmergency physicianOrthopaedic surgeonVascular surgeonDermatologistmore specialists...>>
Classifications of Ankle symptoms:
Subtypes of Ankle symptoms:

Ankle swelling (107 causes), Ankle pain (56 causes), Ankle numbness (14 causes), Ankle weakness (20 causes), Ankle stiffness (17 causes), Ankle numbness (14 causes), Ankle tingling/paresthesias (11 causes), Ankle weakness (20 causes), Ankle rash (17 causes), Ankle itch (12 causes), Ankle coldness (8 causes), Ankle bruise (8 causes), Ankle spasm (15 causes), Ankle paralysis (16 causes), Ankle burning sensations (12 causes), Ankle lump (8 causes), Ankle blueness (10 causes), Ankle paresthesia (tingling) (11 causes), Ankle burning sensation (12 causes), Ankle clonus (19 causes), Ankle pain in children (8 causes), Ankle pain on both sides (5 causes), Ankle pain on one side (9 causes), Ankle paresthesia of both sides (6 causes), Ankle paresthesia of one side (10 causes), Ankle sprain (3 causes), Decreased ankle and knee reflexes (14 causes), Gradual onset of ankle oedema (12 causes), Gradual onset of ankle pain (6 causes), Intermittent ankle pain (7 causes), Intermittent ankle pain on both sides (8 causes), Intermittent ankle pain on one side (7 causes), Numbness of both ankles (8 causes), Numbness of one ankle (9 causes), Sports related ankle injuries (8 causes), Sprained twisted ankle following jogging (9 causes), Sudden onset of ankle oedema (4 causes), Sudden onset of ankle pain (7 causes), Swelling of both ankles (10 causes), Swelling of one ankle (7 causes), Swelling of the ankles (15 causes), Swelling of the ankles as in case of cirrhosis (14 causes), Swollen ankles similar as in pulmonary hypertension (15 causes), Ankle blister (9 causes), Malleolar bleeding (7 causes), Malleolar blister (8 causes), Malleolar deformity (2 causes), Malleolar infection (6 causes), Malleolar inflammation (6 causes), Malleolar redness (9 causes), Malleolar stiffness (10 causes), Malleolar ulcer (7 causes), Sudden onset of sinus tarsi syndrome (5 causes), Sudden onset of ankle clonus (3 causes), Sudden onset of ankle paraesthesia (10 causes), Sudden onset of ankle swelling due to cardiac etiology (7 causes), ankle bruise (8 causes), ankle bleeding (7 causes), ankle infection (6 causes), ankle rash (17 causes), ankle redness (11 causes), ankle coldness (8 causes), ankle inflammation (6 causes), ankle ulcer (7 causes), ankle spasm (15 causes), ankle itch (12 causes), ankle lump (8 causes), ankle deformity (11 causes)

Medical Conditions associated with Ankle symptoms:

Lower leg symptoms (59 causes), Leg symptoms (2751 causes), Limb symptoms (3592 causes), Foot symptoms (2265 causes), Joint symptoms (1430 causes), Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes), Skeletal symptoms (4109 causes), Arm symptoms (1619 causes)

Symptoms related to Ankle symptoms:

Ankle pain (56 causes), Tingling ankle (11 causes), Edema (208 causes), Swelling (3730 causes), Ankle symptoms (108 causes), Poor circulation (1579 causes), Ankle sprain (3 causes), Pedal edema, Bone fracture, Ankle tingling/burning sensation, Nerve entrapment

Medical articles on signs and symptoms:
Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:
What to tell your doctor about your symptoms What questions will the doctor ask about your symptoms (and why)? What does your doctor do in a physical examination? What questions should you ask the doctor about a symptom or diagnosis? What questions to ask the doctor about the treatment Steps to take to get the most out of a doctor visitMore articles on symptoms and diagnosis
These general medical articles may be of interest:
Medical Symptom BooksSymptoms of the Silent Killer DiseasesOnline DiagnosisSelf Diagnosis PitfallsPitfalls of Online Diagnosis
See full list of premium articles on symptoms and diagnosis

Medical News summaries about Ankle symptoms
Our news pages contain the following medical news summaries about Ankle symptoms and many other medical conditions:
Kidney disease is a seriously underdiagnosed condition in AustraliaPulmonary arterial hypertension awareness needs to be raisedThyroid disorder underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed
Evidence Based Medicine Research for Ankle symptoms
Medical research papers related to Ankle symptoms include:
Sprained ankleAnkle Sprain (Follow-up)Horse-chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency: a criteria-based systematic review
Research More Evidence-Based Medicine at

More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:Symptom Center - over 12,000 symptoms listedSymptom ListSymptom DescriptionsAll SymptomsDiseases Center - find symptom lists for over 20,000 diseases. Books on Medical Diagnosis
>> Next page: Causes of Ankle symptoms
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Disease & Treatments SearchMisdiagnosis CenterFull list of interesting articles
Forums & Message BoardsAsk or answer a question at the Boards:I cannot get a diagnosis. Please help.Tell us your medical story.Share your misdiagnosis story.What is the best treatment for my condition?See all the Boards.





Ankle Fractures Treatment | Ankle Arthroscopy | Ankle Arthritis Treatment | Tucson

Ankle Fractures Treatment | Ankle Arthroscopy | Ankle Arthritis Treatment | Tucson

Ankle Conditions
Like any other joint in the body theankle can be affected byfractures, ligament and tendon injuries, arthritis anddeformities. Our physicians are amongstthe best in the nation for care of theseconditions that include:
Fracturesand dislocations and sprainsChronicinstability and ligament injuriesArthritisTendoninjuries
Ankle Fractures
Likeseverely sprained ankles, broken ankles are often caused bya fall, injury orcar accident. Symptoms that one or more of the threebones that make up theankle may be fractured are: severe pain in theankle; swelling; bruising;tenderness; inability to bear weight; anddeformity of the joint. May beaccompanied by dislocation or ligamentdamage (sprain). Based on severity of the damage, displacementandalignment of the fragments, the fracture may be treated in a cast,surgically with internal or external fixation. Your physician willreview your history, check your radiographic exam,and determine thebest treatment for your injury.

ChronicAnkle Instability
Chronic ankle instabilityis a condition in which the outerportion of the ankle constantly "givesway." This condition typicallyoccurs after walking or running, althoughit may also occur whilestanding still. Chronic ankle instability commonlyaffects athletes.

Causes of Chronic Ankle Instability
Chronic ankle instabilityoccurs as a result of an ankle sprainthat has not healed properly. A sprainedankle tears or stretchesconnective tissues, affecting your balance. Propertreatment of anankle sprain is necessary to prevent chronic ankle instabilityandother conditions from occurring.

Symptoms of Chronic Ankle Instability
The most common symptomof chronic ankle instability is awobbly, unstable feeling within your ankle.Additional symptoms mayinclude pain or tenderness of the ankle, constantswelling anddiscomfort, and continuous turning of the ankle when walking orrunningon uneven surfaces. Contact your doctor if you are experiencing any ofthe aforementioned symptoms, as these may be a sign of chronic ankleinstability.

Diagnosing Chronic Ankle Instability
Most cases of chronic ankle instability can be treated throughnon-surgical measures; these may include physical therapy, painkillers,or ankle bracing. Severe cases of chronic ankle instability that remainunresponsive to conservative treatment methods may require surgicalcorrection. Surgery for chronic ankle instability involves repairing orreconstructing the damaged ligaments that are responsible for yoursymptoms. Your doctor will develop a customized treatment plan based onyour individual condition.

Arthroscopy is aminimally invasive procedure used to diagnoseand treat injuries andabnormalities within the joints. This procedureis commonly used to confirm adiagnosis made by physical examinationand imaging techniques. It can also beused to treat conditions withinthe joints, if they are not too complicated.

Although most commonlyperformed in the knee and hip,arthroscopy can also be beneficial in diagnosingand treatingconditions of the ankle joint. While ankle surgery once requiredaninvasive open procedure that left patients with long hospital stays andrecovery times, many of those procedures can now be performed with thesimpler,less invasive arthroscopy.

What is ankle arthroscopy used for?
Ankle arthroscopy can beused to treat a wide range of ankleconditions and relieve the chronic painoften associated with theseconditions. Ankle arthroscopy is often successfulin treating:
Tissue bandsLigament tearsArticular cartilage damageBone spursTendonitisArthritis
Many of these proceduresonce required open surgery in order toaccess the ankle and treat thecondition. Oftentimes, your surgeon willperform ankle arthroscopy to confirmthe diagnosis of a certaincondition, and then discover that the condition canbe treated as wellthrough this minimally invasive procedure.

How is this procedure performed?
Ankle arthroscopy isperformed on an outpatient basis and usestiny incisions to access the anklejoint. During this procedure, acamera tube called an arthroscope is insertedinto one of the incisionsand small surgical instruments

The surgical instrumentswill be inserted if needed to remove orrepair tissue within the ankle joint.The instruments and arthroscopeare then removed and the incisions are closedwith sutures. Thearthroscopy procedure usually takes 30 to 45 minutes toperform.

This procedure isperformed under general anesthesia. Patientsmay experience some pressure, butotherwise the actual procedure isbasically painless. The small incisions helpgreatly reduce therecovery time needed from this procedure, and allow patientsto returnto work and other regular activities much sooner. Exercise and otherstrenuous activities should be avoided for six weeks after thisprocedure.

What are the benefits of thisprocedure?
Arthroscopy offers manybenefits over a traditional open surgerybecause of its minimally invasivenature. This procedure has reducedthe trauma and severity associated with manyankle procedures, andoffers patients the opportunity to get relief from theirpain through asimple, outpatient procedure.

Ankle arthroscopy offers patients:
Shorter recovery timesLess scarringLess bleedingSmaller incisionsNo cutting of muscles ortendonsLess pain and discomfort
What are the risks associated withthis procedure?
While ankle arthroscopyis considered a safe procedure overall,there are certain risks associated withany surgical procedure. Some ofthese risks include infection, nerve damage,and tingling, numbnessand burning sensations. These risks are considered rare,as mostpatients undergo this procedure with little to no complications.

Although anklearthroscopy is a safe procedure that can benefitmany patients, it is not foreveryone. Talk to your doctor to learnmore about this procedure and to findout if it is right for you.

Like any other joint inthe body, the ankle can be affected byarthritis, a chronic condition that cancause pain, swelling andstiffness and an eventual loss of motion in theaffected area. Theankle is the joint that connects the shinbone (tibia) to theupper boneof the foot (talus). Although the ankle is not affected by arthritisas commonly as other joints such as the hand and hip, it is still aseriouscondition that can cause severe pain for those affected.

Arthritis is classifiedas an inflammation of a joint, and candevelop as a result of several differentcauses, but is most often fromthe degenerative wear and tear on a joint thatoccurs as we age. Thebone ends of a joint are covered by a material calledcartilage whichhelps to cushion the bone and allow for a smooth movement ofthe boneswithin the joint. As we age, this cartilage gradually wears away andleaves the bone ends rough and uncovered, causing symptoms to develop.

TypesOsteoarthritis - Thiscondition is common in older patientsand is the result of a consistent wearand tear on the joint over time,which causes the smooth cartilage on the endsof the bones to becomeworn and frayed.Rheumatoid Arthritis - Thiscondition is a chronic immunesystem condition that can affect the entire bodyand causesinflammation as the body attacks and destroys its own cartilage.Post-Traumatic Arthritis -This condition develops after aninjury, sometimes years after a fracture, andcauses effects similar toosteoarthritis.
The cause of anklearthritis can vary depending on the type ofcondition. It is believed thatosteoarthritis is a genetic conditionthat tends to run in families. Athletesand other active patients maybe at a higher risk for post-traumatic

Ankle arthritis can alsobe caused by an infection of the jointthat causes damage to the cartilagecells, which cannot regrow, or byexcessive pressure in patients who are obese.

Patients with arthritisof the ankle may not experience anysymptoms as the cartilage holding the jointtogether becomes damaged.As the condition progresses, symptoms usually worsenand may include:
PainStiffnessSwellingInstabilityBone spursDeformity of the jointDifficulty walking
If the nerves surroundingthe joint become irritated as well, patients may experience numbness andtingling as well.

Treatment for anklearthritis depends on the type and severityof the condition, but usually beginswith the most conservativemethods.

Some patients mayexperience relief from their symptoms bywearing more comfortable shoes,wearing cushioned shoe inserts,limiting impact activities and wearing a brace.

Anti-inflammatorymedication and cortisone injections are oftenhelpful in relieving paintemporarily, especially during flare ups.

If these treatments areunsuccessful, patients may benefit frommore advanced treatments such as anklearthroscopy, ankle fusionsurgery or ankle replacement surgery.

Your doctor willdetermine which treatment option is best foryou based on your individualcondition. It is important to seektreatment for ankle arthritis as soon as possible to help prevent theconditionfrom worsening. If you suspect that you may have anklearthritis, you shouldsee your doctor right away. He or she will reviewyour medical and familyhistory, and perform a physical examination todiagnose this condition.

Although ankle arthritisusually cannot be prevented, there arecertain measures you can take to helpreduce your risk of developingthis condition, along with many others.

Talk to your doctor toassess your risk of developing anklearthritis and to learn more about how youcan prevent this condition.






Bunions | Bupa UK

Bunions | Bupa UK

Treatment of bunions
Wearing the right shoes, using shoe inserts (orthoses) and padding, and taking painkillers can all help to ease your symptoms of a bunion. However, these treatments can't cure a bunion or stop it getting worse. If you have severe pain or discomfort from a bunion, you may be advised to have an operation to correct it.

One of the most important things you can do is to wear the right footwear. You should try to wear flat, wide-fitting shoes with laces or an adjustable strap that fits you properly. You may also want to place a bunion pad over your bunion to give it some protection from the pressure of your shoes. You can usually buy these pads from a pharmacy, or get them from your podiatrist or chiropodist. He or she may also recommend a shoe insert, which can be moulded specifically to your foot. Shoe inserts aim to reduce the pain of your bunion by improving how you walk.

You can take over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, to help relieve the pain and inflammation of your bunion. Always follow the instructions in the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine. Medicines give temporary relief but they won't be able to cure your bunion or prevent it from getting worse.

If you have a bunion as a result of underlying arthritis, your GP may prescribe specific medicines to treat this.

If other treatments don't help and your bunion is very painful, you may be referred to an orthopaedic or a podiatric surgeon for assessment. There are over 130 different operations that can be carried out to treat bunions. The simplest operations are called bunionectomies.

The majority of the operations aim to correct the alignment of your big toe. This will narrow your foot and straighten out your big toe joint as much as possible. An operation won't return your foot back to normal, but most people find that surgery reduces their symptoms and improves the shape of their foot. The operation your surgeon will advise you to have will depend on how severe your bunion is and whether or not you have arthritis.

For more information on bunion surgery, see Related topics.

Relieving A Leg Length Disproportion With A Heel Lift

Do You Suffer A limb length conflict? Did you know that at minimum 40% of people are affected with a leg length incongruity? Putting a heel lift in the shoe of the shorter leg seems like a painless solve. Yet is there any real truth to this? And what is more, is there any verification that relieving a leg length disproportion by way of a shoe lift truly provides a more suitable end result? It seriously has not been all to easy to check out just how limb length asymmetry has an effect on individuals involved in exercise and if ever having heel lifts may be an informed answer to problems of limb length conflict.


The first matter on hand whenever you are discussing whether an individual athlete is suffering from a limb length asymmetry is whether or not the limb lengths are efficiently computed. Try to ask any medical practitioner, how the figures are measured and you will definitely be given a completely different response from every single one. Literally computing the ranges involving two spots employing a tape measure is an often applied process by most physicians. Any sort of difference between each of the proportions used for proof of disproportion, should this difference exist. Human miscalculation is without a doubt a primary associated risk with regards to these methods as additional studies have decided. These sort of strategies for determining limb length inacucuracy usually provided disagreeing results inducing a raft of scientific tests and investigations. It would be established that that which was crucial was electronic calculation, Xray maybe CT reading, assessing manually was not sufficient.


Often the walking gait is damaged on those that are affected by a disproportion in size, the step is odd this will become more so and may turn into sore whenever walking quickly or even just jogging. We are all taught just how tremendous the body is, we restore following a large number of injuries or traumas, our systems tunes by itself to disorders of climate, the body features a fully self-sustainable support solution that will cure nearly all hurdles, it may be rash to suppose that it is unable to cope with a disproportion in limb proportions. Just how much the body system can potentially compensate for a limb length difference without shoe lifts isn't known though many research studies have already been undertaken. A few studies have professed to find that asymmetries were proven when analyzing leg length imbalances especially in stride behaviour when both walking and running though no actual physical verification was really provided. From the vast majority of studies some athletes with leg length disparity which were employing heel lifts might not realistically have any relevant benefits.


In the old analysis of walking gait, impact stresses really become more intense after the test subjects, who possessed limb length discrepancies covering anything from about 5-20mm, used a shoe lift to take care of their imbalance. However, leg length inconsistencies seem to have been linked with one or two personal injuries, perhaps by way of the aforementioned asymmetries in gait. Real scarcity of clinical statistics will make it challenging to verify that heel lifts deliver the results inside the athletic field, a lot of people having a limb length disproportion are significantly thankful to shoe lifts for changing their life as well as it has to be stated their self-esteem, a great deal more study is recommended to determine if shoe lifts will be able to enhance an athlete's all round performance with certainty. A bad lower back could and has been related to a limb length incongruity, heel lifts have been a verified triumph in so many circumstances and persist to be so however not in all of the episodes.